Single personal pronouns in arabic conjugating
Prefixes and suffixes are time and personal markers !
– the single personal pronouns have been put in a separate column to be used as references. They are not necessary. The verb itself with its prefixes and suffixes (which are here underlined) provide us with the time and person markers. The conjugation of the second person singular in the masculine (you) and of the third person singular in the feminine (she) is the same : أنتَ تَدْرُس – هي تَدْرُس The context will tell whether it is the one or the other.
– A verb is called “simple” when in the finished form and in the third person singular it has only three letters (it is a three-letter verb). The verb : حضَّرَ – يُحَضِّرُ has four letters, namely “ ح + ض + ض + ر “ as the shadda indicates a double letter; such a verb is called a “derived” or “derivative” verb.
The present (or unfinished) tense in the negative form
We use the negative particle لا but the conjugation remains unchanged. I want a cup of coffee أريد فنجان قهوة I do not want anything لا أريد شيأً No, I do not drink tea لا، لا أشرب الشاي The particle لا alone means NO.