Animated Arabic letters :
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© Didactiques Langues Publications - DILAP
Learning book "Kitaba"- M.Bouddaakkar
"Orphan letters": The following letters are known as "orphan" because they do not link to those which follow (in the direction of the writing). If they are in initial or median position, they cause a "graphic rupture" in the word. So they have only two positions: single and final. The letter which follows is automatically in initial position.